What is CBD?

CBD 101

What Does CBD Stand For?

CBD stands for cannabidiol, the non-psychoactive, non-intoxicating organic compound (Phytocannabinoids) in hemp and a variety of the Cannabis Sativa L plant. 

 Similar to the cannabis Sativa L plant, humans & animals also produce organic compounds known as endocannabinoids. 

Cannabis is easily the most abundant source of cannabinoids, but not the only one. Other plants such as black pepper, echinacea, and cacao also contain cannabinoids. 

 CBD vs. THC

 Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is another famous cannabis compound and is chemically responsible for the psychological effects of the cannabis plant. In contrast, CBD is non-psychoactive and doesn't lead to a head high, paranoia, or racing thoughts closely associated with THC.

Where Does CBD Come From?

The cannabis plant can be traced to ancient China, around 600 B.C. However, in 1940, CBD was first isolated in the United States by Roger Adams, a Harvard Scientist. Adams' findings successfully linked psychoactive and euphoric effects to THC and dissociated CBD as an intoxicating compound.   

Unfortunately, in 1970 the Controlled Substances Act made it illegal to possess any form of cannabis, including hemp, thus limiting further research of Adams's findings. 

In recent years CBD has gained more popularity in the medical and therapeutic sector. To further understand how it works with our bodies and help many people benefit from its properties. 

Hemp vs. Marijuana

They are both botanical classes of the Cannabis Sativa L plant, but both are grown for different reasons. Marijuana tends to have higher concentrations of THC and is typically grown for recreational, entheogenic, and medicinal purposes. Hemp is grown specifically for industrial, medicinal, and therapeutic purposes and has naturally lower concentrations of THC, and higher concentrations of CBD. 

Is CBD Legal?

The primary federal law that allowed businesses to start marketing CBD products is the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018. This Act legalized the farming of industrial hemp, which, as defined by the Act, contains less than 0.3% THC (THC is the chemical in cannabis that gets people high).

However, it is essential to mention that Regulations may constantly vary, so you must check where you live: 

United States

Latin America

Asia

Europe

More than anything, we care about our customer's experience. We aim to be honest and transparent while providing you with the best wellness products. 

What are the Benefits of CBD? How does it work?

CBD is one of the many components of cannabis. As evidenced by a report from the World Health Organization that states "In humans, CBD exhibits no effects indicative of any abuse or dependence potential…. To date, there is no evidence of public health-related problems associated with the use of pure CBD."

In terms of how CBD works, the first thing to understand is the endocannabinoid system. A biological system in the human body, it’s composed of endocannabinoids, cannabinoid receptors, enzymes, neurons, and neural pathways. The ES plays a significant role in many processes, including motor learning, appetite, and cognitive functions. The cannabinoid receptors exist to interact with endocannabinoids, but they also interact with phytocannabinoids, like CBD. The main goal of the ES is to maintain balance within the body.

What is the endocannabinoid system?

It is essential to note that the endocannabinoid system is a huge reason behind the potential benefits of CBD

There are many, including the ability to support pain relief, ease tension, help with insomnia and sleep issues, provide stress relief, and even more.

According to Harvard Medical School, both studies and self-reported anecdotes suggest these CBD benefits:

  • Anxiety relief. A 2015 study indicates that CBD has considerable potential as a treatment for multiple anxiety disorders.

  • Insomnia and general sleep troubles. A 2019 study showed CBD improved sleep scores within the first month in 48 patients. It also helped by decreasing anxiety within the first month in 57 patients. 

  • Chronic pain. Many studies are exploring the role CBD has in chronic pain relief. This 2020 study demonstrates that CBD is a well-tolerated and safe natural compound with analgesic effects in animal models alongside clinical studies. 

*Some other potential benefits of CBD include helping reduce cancer symptoms and side effects of cancer treatment; reduction in acne; benefits for neurological disorders like epilepsy and multiple sclerosis; heart health; and substance abuse treatment. CBD and its benefits are continuously under research. With time and more studies, the number of benefits it has is sure to increase.  

What are the side effects? If any

As we have previously explained, CBD may be able to promote a calming sense, contributing to anxiety and stress relief. Moreover, CBD is under study for anxiety, depression, and chronic pain. 

CBD is generally well-tolerated, and according to the Mayo Clinic, the side effects it may cause are minimal. These include dry mouth, diarrhea, reduced appetite, drowsiness, and fatigue. However, it is essential to note that CBD can interact with other medications, specifically blood thinners. Avoid CBD if you are on blood thinners, and always consult your primary care physician before consuming CBD. 

Does CBD Show Up on a Drug Test?

One other common concern is whether CBD shows up on a drug test. 

Unfortunately, the answer is that we cannot be sure. As reported by WebMD, pure CBD should not cause you to fail a drug test – but that depends on the purity of the CBD and the type of drug test you are taking. Talking about CBD purity, there are three common types: full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, and isolate. 

Medical News Today explains that the main difference between the types of CBD has to do with the compounds they contain. For example, CBD products that contain numerous naturally occurring cannabis plant extracts like terpenes and other cannabinoids – most notably, including up to 0.3% THC – fall into the full-spectrum CBD category. 

Broad-spectrum CBD, on the other hand, can also contain numerous compounds of the cannabis plant but is entirely free of THC. Isolate is pure CBD; hence it is also free of THC. 

The main thing to consider is to avoid full-spectrum CBD if you have a drug test soon, as it may trigger a positive due to the small presence of THC. 

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